Single-Phase Induction Motors
The single-phase chain sprocket electric motor operates beneath the same principle as the polyphase electric motor, except that the rotating magnetic field effect produced by the stator will not exist until running rpm is reached. Since no starting torque is obtainable, a design mechanism is included to begin the motor. They are the various designations:
Torque-Speed Curves of Different Single-Phase Induction Motors
Shaded-pole: Have only 1 main winding and no start winding. This configuration causes a change of the used magnetic field in romantic relationship to the rotor, creating stating torque. Applications consist of fans and small appliances.
Split-Phase (induction start motor)
Has two sets of stator windings. The “start” windings sit 90 degrees to the “run” windings and change the magnetic field of the stator, inducing beginning torque. Applications include little grinders, small enthusiasts, and blowers.
The most common single-phase motor used in industrial applications. It is a altered split-phase motor with a capacitor in series with the start winding to supply a start boost. Program include small conveyors, large blowers, pumps, and direct-drives.
Uses identical primary and auxiliary windings with a capacitor to provide starting torque. They are the most reliable single-phase electric motor because no centrifugal beginning switch is required. Applications include supporters and pumps in HVAC and refrigeration industries.